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Potential of cereal grains and grain legumes for modulation of pigs’ intestinal microbiota

Printausgabe
EUR 35,90

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EUR 25,13

Potential of cereal grains and grain legumes for modulation of pigs’ intestinal microbiota

Tobias Aumiller (Autor)

Vorschau

Inhaltsverzeichnis, PDF (79 KB)
Leseprobe, PDF (140 KB)

ISBN-13 (Printausgabe) 9783736990944
ISBN-13 (E-Book) 9783736980945
Sprache Englisch
Seitenanzahl 164
Umschlagkaschierung matt
Auflage 1. Aufl.
Erscheinungsort Göttingen
Promotionsort Hohenheim
Erscheinungsdatum 10.09.2015
Allgemeine Einordnung Dissertation
Fachbereiche Land- und Agrarwissenschaften
Schlagwörter pig, intestinal microbiota, cereal grains, dietary fiber
Beschreibung

Native carbohydrate fractions of major dietary components in pig nutrition, such as dietary fiber, resistant starch and oligosaccharides in whole cereal grains or grain legumes appear to be appropriate to manipulate the porcine gut microbiota. Therefore, the objective of this thesis was to evaluate effects of differences in carbohydrate composition of cereal grains, grain legumes and feed supplements on the intestinal microbiota in pigs. Based on a comprehensive literature research, an overview on the current research on the effect of whole grain cereals and grain legumes as well as their by-products on the pigs’ intestinal microbiota in relation to their carbohydrate composition was given. An in vivo experiment was carried out to determine the effects of 8 recently introduced genotypes of barley or wheat on ileal and fecal microbiota of grower pigs by means of quantitative real-time PCR. In addition, in a second experiment the effect of ultra-fine ground fibers from wheat, lupins and peas in comparison to inulin and basal substrates on the microbiota composition and formation of microbial metabolites was determined in vitro using the modified Hohenheim Gas Test. In agreement with previous studies, the potential to modulate the pigs’ intestinal microbiota with cereal grains and feed supplements based on cereal grain or grain legume fibers was shown. However, it was not possible to assign the observed effects on the bacterial groups to the dietary carbohydrates known to influence the intestinal microbiota, such as arabinoxylan or β-glucan.