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Editorial Cuvillier

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Editorial Cuvillier

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“Green” Microemulsions and Nanoemulsions as Alternative Fuels

Impresion
EUR 42,80

E-Book
EUR 29,96

“Green” Microemulsions and Nanoemulsions as Alternative Fuels (Tienda española)

Setareh Maleknia (Autor)

Previo

Indice, PDF (670 KB)
Lectura de prueba, PDF (860 KB)

ISBN-13 (Impresion) 9783954049127
ISBN-13 (E-Book) 9783736949126
Idioma Inglés
Numero de paginas 216
Laminacion de la cubierta Brillante
Edicion 1.
Lugar de publicacion Göttingen
Lugar de la disertacion Köln
Fecha de publicacion 13.01.2015
Clasificacion simple Tesis doctoral
Area Físicoquimica
Palabras claves Microemulsionen, Nanoemulsionen, alternative Kraftstoffe, Schadstoffreduzierung, Biokraftstoff, Ruß-NOx trade off, Tenside, Schmierfähigkeit, DIN 590, Kinetik, Dynamische Lichtstreuung, Additive
Descripcion

Combustion of water-containing diesel fuels results in a simultaneous reduction of soot and NOx-emissions, i.e. they partially avoid the so-called soot-NOx trade-off. In the frame of the present work new temperature invariant, highly efficient fuel microemulsions of the type water/antifreeze – diesel fuel – oleic acid/monoethanolamine/oleic acid diethanolamide containing up to 24 wt.% water with appropriate physical characteristics for commercial applications were formulated. As unexpected reward of the investigations on formulation of microemulsion fuels, novel water-in-fuel nanoemulsions (< 200 nm) were obtained featuring substantial reduction of surfactant content, an interesting economical aspect. Exhaust gas emissions, soot-structure and size distribution of water containing fuels compared to pure diesel fuel were analysed. The results show that using load-dependent water containing fuels yield a drastic reduction of soot up to 98 % (FSN) as well as nitrogen oxide emissions up to 62 %.