Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.

Cuvillier Verlag

Publications, Dissertations, Habilitations & Brochures.
International Specialist Publishing House for Science and Economy

Cuvillier Verlag

De En Es
“Green” Microemulsions and Nanoemulsions as Alternative Fuels

Hard Copy
EUR 42.80

EUR 0.00

“Green” Microemulsions and Nanoemulsions as Alternative Fuels (English shop)

Setareh Maleknia (Author)


Table of Contents, PDF (670 KB)
Extract, PDF (860 KB)

ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783954049127
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736949126
Language English
Page Number 216
Lamination of Cover glossy
Edition 1.
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation Köln
Publication Date 2015-01-13
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Physical chemistry
Keywords Microemulsionen, Nanoemulsionen, alternative Kraftstoffe, Schadstoffreduzierung, Biokraftstoff, Ruß-NOx trade off, Tenside, Schmierfähigkeit, DIN 590, Kinetik, Dynamische Lichtstreuung, Additive

Combustion of water-containing diesel fuels results in a simultaneous reduction of soot and NOx-emissions, i.e. they partially avoid the so-called soot-NOx trade-off. In the frame of the present work new temperature invariant, highly efficient fuel microemulsions of the type water/antifreeze – diesel fuel – oleic acid/monoethanolamine/oleic acid diethanolamide containing up to 24 wt.% water with appropriate physical characteristics for commercial applications were formulated. As unexpected reward of the investigations on formulation of microemulsion fuels, novel water-in-fuel nanoemulsions (< 200 nm) were obtained featuring substantial reduction of surfactant content, an interesting economical aspect. Exhaust gas emissions, soot-structure and size distribution of water containing fuels compared to pure diesel fuel were analysed. The results show that using load-dependent water containing fuels yield a drastic reduction of soot up to 98 % (FSN) as well as nitrogen oxide emissions up to 62 %.