Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.
De En Es
Kundenservice: +49 (0) 551 - 547 24 0

Cuvillier Verlag

Publications, Dissertations, Habilitations & Brochures.
International Specialist Publishing House for Science and Economy

Cuvillier Verlag

Premiumpartner
De En Es
Titelbild-leitlinien
Physiological responses to acute and chronic stress in young healthy men

Hard Copy
EUR 25.40 EUR 24.13

E-book
EUR 17.78

Physiological responses to acute and chronic stress in young healthy men

Maria Bösch (Author)

Preview

Table of Contents, PDF (37 KB)
Extract, PDF (19 KB)

ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783954047178
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736947177
Language English
Page Number 138
Lamination of Cover matt
Edition 1. Aufl.
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation Zürich
Publication Date 2014-05-21
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Psychology
Keywords repeated stress, stress, autonimoc nervous system, heart rate, hair cortisol, basic military training, heart rate variability
Description

The purpose of the present thesis was two studies. The goal of the first study was to evaluate the efficiency of the Trier Social Stress Test for Groups (TSST-G) and its ability to repeatedly evoke an affective and autonomic stress response by means of two different protocols in a second measurement. The aim of the second study was to investigate the effect of prolonged mental and physical stress induced by basic military training (BMT) on hair cortisol concentration (HCC), while further exploring the role of covariates. Healthy young recruits participated twice, 10 weeks apart. In the first examination, the TSST-G consisted of a combination of mental arithmetic and a fake job interview (n = 294). Additionally, participants had to give a 2-cm hair sample and had to complete the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ; n = 177). In the second examination, mental arithmetic was combined with either (a) a defence speech against a false accusation of shoplifting (n = 105), or (b) a presentation on a given topic (n = 100). Participants had to give a hair sample again and fill out the PSQ (n = 105). Affect ratings and salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) were assessed immediately before and after the TSST-G, while heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) were measured continuously. The findings of the first study revealed that the TSST-G is a useful protocol to repeatedly evoke an affective and autonomic stress response, even though repetition leads to habituation, mainly in affective variables. When interested in efficacy to induce a stress response, a task containing a defence speech seems to be superior to a task containing a presentation on an impersonal topic, which is probably due a higher ego-involvement in the defence speech. The results of the second study revealed a significant influence of air temperature, humidity, and educational level on HCC. Military stress and perceived stress ratings did not influence HCC. This study is the first to examine the relationship between HCC and meteorological variables, as well as the first research evaluating the effect of military training as a real-life stressor on the HCC of the recruits. The two studies contribute to stress research by evaluating an instrument for inducing stress in a military setting and by using an innovative method of measurement.