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On the high sensity hydrogen films adsorbed  in carbon nanospaces

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On the high sensity hydrogen films adsorbed in carbon nanospaces (Volume 12) (English shop)

Elmar Dohnke (Author)


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ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783736990432
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736980976
Language English
Page Number 120
Lamination of Cover glossy
Edition 1. Aufl.
Book Series Fuels Joint Research Group - Interdisziplinäre Kraftstoffforschung für die Mobilität der Zukunft
Volume 12
Publication Place Göttingen
Publication Date 2015-11-26
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Mechanical and process engineering

The commercialization of hydrogen-powered fuel cell cars, with their environmentally friendly emissions, provides an opportunity to replace current gasoline powered vehicles.

The main drawback of hydrogen as a fuel is the low density at ambient temperatures. The gas needs to be compressed to high pressure or kept under cryogenic temperatures to achieve reasonably long driving ranges. These obstacles can be overcome if the tanks are filled with a porous material that adsorbs a high volume of hydrogen. To get a better understanding of the materials performance, an attempt was made to analyze the properties of the adsorbed hydrogen film. High pressure hydrogen isotherms at cryogenic temperatures (77 K, 50 K) have been studied to estimate adsorbed film properties such as density and thickness. In most of the samples saturated hydrogen film densities exceed the liquid hydrogen density at 1 bar and 20 Kelvin by 40%.

Additionally a new method was developed to estimate specific surface areas of gas storage materials from high pressure isotherms and tested against the BET theory. The new method does not require knowledge of the packing fraction or cross-sectional area of an adsorbed molecule in the film. In most cases the new method leads to surface areas comparable to those found using BET theory if cryogenic high pressure isotherms are used.