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Sustainable Production of Carbon Monoxide by Direct Current Gas Discharge

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Sustainable Production of Carbon Monoxide by Direct Current Gas Discharge (Volume 12) (English shop)

Stephan Renninger (Author)


Extract, PDF (280 KB)
Table of Contents, PDF (110 KB)

ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783736977457
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736967458
Language English
Page Number 200
Lamination of Cover matt
Edition 1.
Book Series Energie & Nachhaltigkeit
Volume 12
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation Stuttgart
Publication Date 2023-03-08
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Electrical engineering
Keywords Plasma, Plasmakatalyse, CO2-Spaltung, Kohlenstoffkreislauf, Kreislaufwirtschaft, Kohlenmonoxid, Chemieindustrie, Defossilisierung, Dekarbonisierung, Katalyse, Gleichstromentladung, Gleitbogenentladung, Plasmaquelle, Abfallreformierung, ökonomische Analyse, Plasmareaktor, Plasmatreiber, Trockenreformierung, Gasentladung, Synthesegas, Wasserstoff, Plasma, plasma catalysis, co2-splitting, circular economy of carbon, carbon monoxide, chemical industry, defossilization, decarbonization, catalysis, direct current discharge, rotating gliding arc, plasma source, waste reforming, economical feasibility, plasma reactor, plasma driver, dry reforming, gas discharge, syngas, hydrogen, Kohlenstoffabscheidung und -speicherung, carbon Capture and Storage, Gleichstrom, direct current, Gaschromatograph, Nicht-dispersive Infrarotstrahlung, Non-Dispersive Infra Red, Druckwechsel-Absorber, Pressure Swing Absorber, Elektronenbeweglichkeit, electron mobility, thermal conductivity, Wärmeleitfähigkeit, Stromdichte, Current density, Stromwelligkeit, Current ripple, reaction rate constante, Reaktionsgeschwindigkeitskonstante

Carbon is the centerpiece in most chemicals and fuels. In light of climate change non-fossil paths to supply it are necessary. Carbon monoxide is a key molecule for carbon utilization. Forming it into hydrocarbons is an established process. Gliding arc plasma sources can produce it by ‚warm‘ plasma, which has high reactivity and space-time yield at low energy input.
The first part of this work deals with the construction and characterization of two gliding arc plasma sources and driver circuits. In the second part, they are used to split CO₂ into carbon monoxide and oxygen in a coaxial reactor utilizing a ceramic quench. Two new plasma processes are presented in the third part as less energy intensive alternatives: The calcination of a carbonates and simultaneous splitting of CO₂ by plasma as well as the gasification of organic solid waste coupled to reforming to syngas. In the fourth part, the processes are evaluated economically for a simplified example syngas-to-methanol plant.