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Design of Survivable Optical Networks by Mathematical Optimization

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Design of Survivable Optical Networks by Mathematical Optimization (English shop)

Adrian Zymolka (Author)

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ISBN-13 (Printausgabe) 3867272530
ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783867272537
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736922532
Language English
Page Number 298
Edition 1
Volume 0
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation Berlin
Publication Date 2007-06-14
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Mathematics
Keywords Network desigen, optical networks, integer programming, mathematical optimization.
Description

The cost-efficient design of survivable optical telecommunication networks is the topic of this thesis. In cooperation with network operators, we have developed suitable concepts and mathematical optimization methods to solve this comprehensive planningtask in practice. Optical technology is more and more employed in modern telecommunication net-works.Digital information is therebytransmittedas short light pulses through glass fibers. Moreover, the optical medium allows for simultaneous transmissions on a single fiber by use of different wavelengths. Recent optical switches enable a direct forwarding of optical channels in the network nodes without the previously required signalretransformation to electronics. Their integration creates ongoingopticalconnections, which are called lightpaths. We study the problem of finding cost-efficient configurations of optical networks which meet specified communication requirements. A configuration comprises the determination of all lightpaths to establish as well as the detailed allocation of all required devices and systems. We use a flexible modeling framework for a realistic representation of the networks and their composition.For differentnetworkarchitectures, we formulate integer linear programs which model the design task in detail. Moreover, network survivability is an important issue due to the immense bandwidths offered by optical technology. Operators therefore request for designs which perpetuate protected connections and guarantee for a defined minimum throughput in case of malfunctions. In order to achieve an effective realization of scalable protection, we present a novel survivability concept tailored to optical networks and integrate several variants into the models. Our solution approach is based on a suitable model decomposition into two subtasks which separates two individually hard subproblems and enables this way to compute cost-efficient designs with approved quality guarantee. The first subtask consists of routing the connections with corresponding dimensioning of capacities and constitutes a common core task in the area of network planning. Sophisticated methods for such problems have already been developed and are deployed by appropriate integration. The second subtask is characteristic for optical networks and seeks for a conflict-free assignment of available wavelengths to the lightpaths using a minimum number of involved wavelength converters. For this coloring-like task, we derive particular models and study methods to estimate the number of unavoidable conversions. As constructive approach, we develop heuristics and an exact branch-and-price algorithm. Finally, we carry out an extensive computational study on realistic data, provided by our industrial partners. As twofold purpose, we demonstrate the potential of our approach for computing good solutions with quality guarantee, and we exemplify its flexibility for application to network design and analysis.