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Advanced Silicon MMICs for mm-Wave Automotive Radar Front-Ends

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Advanced Silicon MMICs for mm-Wave Automotive Radar Front-Ends (Volume 34) (English shop)

Alexander Kravets (Author)

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ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783954049868
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736949867
Language English
Page Number 175
Edition 1. Aufl.
Book Series Innovationen mit Mikrowellen und Licht. Forschungsberichte aus dem Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik
Volume 34
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation TU Berlin
Publication Date 2015-06-12
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Electrical engineering
Description

This work presents a high-linearity automotive radar front-end at 77 GHz in 0.25 μm SiGe technology. The passive elements were realized using thin-film microstrip lines. A detailed transformer balun synthesis procedure was developed. The realized passive baluns (“rat-race” and transformer) show excellent commonmode rejection ratios exceeding 30 dB and low losses of 2.5 dB. On the active side, a low-gain, high-linearity single stage common-emitter LNA was realized. The selected topology allowed finer trade-off between linearity and sensitivity of the front-end compared to multi-stage LNA solutions. For the mixer, a low-voltage supply, high-linearity, low-noise double-balanced concept was employed. It uses AC-coupling between the two stages, which allowed an independent optimization of transconductance, core sizing, and bias. The transconductance was designed for best noise performance, while the core was chosen for maximum linearity.
A high-fidelity two-channel receiver was realized using these circuit components, which achieved a performance comparable to the published state-of-the-art results in SiGe: Single sideband noise figure better than 16.5 dB, 1 dB compression point exceeding -12 dBm, while consuming moderate 82 mA DC current from a 1.6 V supply for both channels.