|Book Series (78)||
|Mechanical and process engineering||740|
|Mining and metallurgy||29|
|Architecture and civil engineering||60|
5. Auflage bestellen
|ISBN-13 (Hard Copy)||9783954049868|
|Book Series||Innovationen mit Mikrowellen und Licht. Forschungsberichte aus dem Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik|
|Place of Dissertation||TU Berlin|
This work presents a high-linearity automotive radar front-end at 77 GHz in 0.25 μm SiGe technology. The passive elements were realized using thin-film microstrip lines. A detailed transformer balun synthesis procedure was developed. The realized passive baluns (“rat-race” and transformer) show excellent commonmode rejection ratios exceeding 30 dB and low losses of 2.5 dB. On the active side, a low-gain, high-linearity single stage common-emitter LNA was realized. The selected topology allowed finer trade-off between linearity and sensitivity of the front-end compared to multi-stage LNA solutions. For the mixer, a low-voltage supply, high-linearity, low-noise double-balanced concept was employed. It uses AC-coupling between the two stages, which allowed an independent optimization of transconductance, core sizing, and bias. The transconductance was designed for best noise performance, while the core was chosen for maximum linearity.
A high-fidelity two-channel receiver was realized using these circuit components, which achieved a performance comparable to the published state-of-the-art results in SiGe: Single sideband noise figure better than 16.5 dB, 1 dB compression point exceeding -12 dBm, while consuming moderate 82 mA DC current from a 1.6 V supply for both channels.