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Dark Count Rate of Silicon Photomultipliers

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Dark Count Rate of Silicon Photomultipliers

Metrological Characterization and Suppression

Eugen Engelmann (Author)

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ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783736998926
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9873736988927
Language English
Page Number 194
Lamination of Cover glossy
Edition 1.
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation Universität Hamburg
Publication Date 2018-11-01
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Physics
Keywords Silicon Photomultiplier, SiPM, Dark count rate, DCR, DCR mechanisms, dark current, spatially resolved DCR, metrological characterization, waveform analysis, crystal defects, activation energy, spatially resolved activation energy, hot carrier luminescence, light emission microscopy, hotspots, radiation hardness
Description

In recent years, Silicon Photomultipliers (SiPMs) developed into mature photon detectors which are chosen in a wide field of applications. However, the dark count rate (DCR) of SiPMs sets strong limitations to such detector systems. This quantity describes the rate at which pulses are generated in the absence of light (dark pulses) and deteriorate the photon counting performance of SiPMs.
In the course of the presented research, two innovative characterization methods were developed for the identification and evaluation of the physical effects which underlie the generation of dark pulses in SiPMs.
The first method is based on the temperature dependence of the DCR. It allows for the extraction of different contributions to the dark count rate, which (a) depend on the applied voltage, (b) depend on the applied overvoltage and © are quasi-independent of the electric field. The second method is based on the detection and mapping of the light intensity which is emitted by the effect of hot carrier luminescence during the avalanche breakdowns of SiPM micro-cells. This method enables a sub-micro-cell, 2D spatially resolved measurement of the dark count rate within the plane of the active area. In particular, the individual contributions of implantation and radiation induced defects to the DCR were evaluated via this method.
The acquired knowledge was used to successfully suppress the dark count rate of KETEK SiPMs down to a level of 40 kHz/mm².