|Book Series (74)||
|Biochemistry, molecular biology, gene technology||104|
|Domestic and nutritional science||39|
|Environmental research, ecology and landscape conservation||124|
|ISBN-13 (Hard Copy)||9783736999411|
|Place of Dissertation||Göttingen|
|Keywords||organic, coal, inorganic materials|
Coal is a rock composed of organic and inorganic materials, which contains 50% or more than 75% organic material (Fig. 1). The organic matter mostly consists of carbon ©, but is also comprised of hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N). Besides organic matter, coal contains some inorganic compounds (minerals) and water (H2O). Naturally, coal is formed from vegetation that has been consolidated between other rock strata and altered by the combined effects of pressure and heat over millions of years to ultimately form coal seams (World Coal Institute, 2005).