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Lateral emission characteristics of high-power broad-area lasers subject to external optical feedback

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Lateral emission characteristics of high-power broad-area lasers subject to external optical feedback (Volume 55) (English shop)

Simon Rauch (Author)

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ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783736971585
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736961586
Language English
Page Number 112
Edition 1.
Book Series Innovationen mit Mikrowellen und Licht. Forschungsberichte aus dem Ferdinand-Braun-Institut, Leibniz-Institut für Höchstfrequenztechnik
Volume 55
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation TU Berlin
Publication Date 2020-02-10
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Physics
Physics of condensed matter (including physics of solid bodies, optics)
Keywords optical, gain, power, area, broad, devices, beam, Laser structure, emission characteristics, Lateral displacement, Simulation parameters, laser diodes, susceptible, research, degradation, approximation, near-field narrowing, Laser structure, Vertical structure, optisch, Leistung, Bereich, breite, Geräte, Strahl, Laser-Struktur, Emissionseigenschaften, Seitliche Verschiebung, Parameter der Simulation, Laserdioden, Forschung, Annäherung, Verengung des Nahfelds, Vertikale Struktur,
Description

The beam quality and lifetime of gain-guided broad-area laser diodes degrades with increasing optical output power: The near field is progressively narrowed by thermo-optic effects, leading to an enhanced optical facet load and an over-proportionate far-field blooming.
Common single-side emitting broad-area lasers are extremely asymmetric devices with respect to the longitudinal direction. The high semiconductor gain along with a high single-side output coupling leads to a strong asymmetry of the electric fields. Hence the internal optical power and thus the thermal load are highest in the vicinity of the out-coupling facet. Moreover, external optical feedback intensifies the optical and thermal load at the emission facet of the diode laser.
In this thesis, the impact of the longitudinal distribution of internal intensity, temperature and gain on the lateral beam parameters is revealed. Numerical simulations demonstrate that homogenizing the longitudinal device temperature prevents near-field narrowing and accompanying far-field blooming, which is experimentally verified by symmetrizing the facet reflectivities.
The second part of this work deals with the impact of spatially mismatched optical feedback on beam quality and lifetime. It is found that irradiance of solder and p-side metalization as well as the adjacent highly p-doped layers causes localized heating around the front facet, which strongly reduces the threshold for catastrophic optical damage. It was also found that lateral displacement of the feedback spot can lead to severe beam quality degradation for single-side emitting devices. This effect could be reduced by symmetrically out-coupling external-cavity configurations.