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Towards a Theory for Designing Machine Learning Systems for Complex Decision Making Problems

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Towards a Theory for Designing Machine Learning Systems for Complex Decision Making Problems (Volume 101) (English shop)

Schahin Tofangchi (Author)


Table of Contents, PDF (530 KB)
Extract, PDF (1.1 MB)

ISBN-13 (Hard Copy) 9783736972001
ISBN-13 (eBook) 9783736962002
Language English
Page Number 202
Edition 1.
Book Series Göttinger Wirtschaftsinformatik
Volume 101
Publication Place Göttingen
Place of Dissertation Göttingen
Publication Date 2020-04-21
General Categorization Dissertation
Departments Economics
Keywords maschinelles Lernen, künstliche Intelligenz, Big-Data-Analytics, Expertensysteme, verteiltes maschinelles Lernen, Online-Learning, autonome Agenten, medizinische Entscheidungsunterstützungssysteme, personalisierte Systeme, machine learning, artificial intelligence, big data analytics, expert system, distributed machine learning, online learning, autonomous agents, medical decision support systems, personalized systems, Research Agenda, Motivation, Consumer-Centric, Framework, Domain-Specific, Environment, Percepts, Actuators, Forschungsagenda, Motivation, Verbraucherzentriert, Rahmenwerk, Bereichsspezifisch, Umwelt, Wahrnehmungen, Stellantriebe
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The ubiquitousness of data and the emergence of data-driven machine learning approaches provide new means of creating insights. However, coping with the great volume, velocity, and variety of data requires improved data analysis methods. This dissertation contributes a nascent design theory, named the Division-of-Labor framework, for developing complex machine learning systems that can not only address the challenges of big data but also leverage their characteristics to perform more sophisticated analyses. I evaluate the proposed design principles in three practical settings, in which I apply the principles to design machine learning systems that (i) support treatment decision making for cancer patients, (ii) provide consumers with recommendations on two-sided platforms, and (iii) address a trade-off between efficiency and comfort in the context of autonomous vehicles. The evaluations partially validate the proposed theory, but also show that some principles require further attention in order to be practicable.